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The cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is an evergreen tree that characterises the Mediterranean region and can have very different growth forms. The most striking are the up to 20 meter high column-shaped forms, which are particularly common in Tuscany. The (mourning) cypress originates from Asia Minor, but is now widespread throughout the Mediterranean region and is also known as the Italian cypress or Mediterranean cypress. Cypresses can reach up to 20 meters height and usually get very old, 500 to 800 years. The wood of the cypress has been highly valued since ancient times for its high durability, statues of gods, temple doors, sarcophagi and ships were made of it. Its durability was as great as that of the much rarer true cedar. Due to its intense, lemony fresh smell, it was particularly suitable for chests and cupboards, the clothes stored in them were safe from moth damage. The wood is light weighted (around 600 kg/m3) and is used in many different ways for building, musical instruments (flamenco guitars), furniture, boatbuilding and turned objects. The smell of cypress wood even after years of drying is very pleasant and aromatic-spicy!